Topics: Brain Injuries, Brain lobes, brain lobes and functions, parietal lobe damage, frontal lobe damage

How Damage to the Frontal and Parietal Lobes Affects the Body

The brain is the motherboard of the body. Any damage that occurs to the frontal lobe and parietal lobe will affect the rest of the body in various ways. Some people find themselves with brain injuries from trauma. In other cases, people injure their brains due to a disease. However, the brain is damaged, it can cause lifelong disability since the brain is unable to heal itself.  

Car accidents are one of the number one ways people sustain a brain injury. Falls, violence or a gunshot wound, concussions, and military injuries round out the most common ways brain injuries are sustained. A stroke can also cause brain damage. Strokes can be especially dangerous since they can stem from various circumstances, from a reaction to medication to a blood clot.

The brain is divided into six different sections, with each section of the brain performing a vital function. If damaged, permanent injury usually occurs. Among these sections of the brain, the frontal and parietal lobes are considered some of the most important lobes of the brain. They control critical aspects of daily life. Read on to see how damage to each of these lobes of the brain affects the brain and the rest of the body.

Frontal Lobe Damage

frontal-lobe

Located in the front and center of the brain, due to their location the frontal lobe is highly susceptible to injury. The frontal lobes control in large part who you are, as they heavily influence your personality. Frontal lobes are responsible for the way you respond to your environment emotionally. For example, they regulate your impulses in sexual and social circumstances, as well as control your judgment and your problem-solving skills.

Motor function is another essential function of the frontal lobe. If this part of the brain is damaged, fine movement is typically lost. This refers to movement in the hands, arms, and fingers. Motor function in the facial muscles is also affected when the frontal lobe is damaged. Many people have difficulty expressing their emotions in their face with this kind of injury. Language and the ability to speak is also controlled by the frontal lobe. 

Memory can also be affected if the frontal lobe is injured, as well as interpreting the environment in which you are in. For example, it can be difficult to know when risk should be taken with a frontal lobe injury. People with a frontal lobe brain injury, however, can restore lost function by re-training their brain.

This technique can be used to help the person relearn how to act appropriately in different social circumstances. This training is commonly used with people with autism and Aspbergers. Also, since sequence can also be affected with a frontal lobe injury, repetition practice is used to help people relearn how to do things in the right manner, from cooking to getting dressed.

Parietal Lobe Damage

parietal-lobe

The way you perceive the world from sight, touch, smell, hearing to taste is all controlled by the parietal lobe of the brain, which is located directly behind the frontal lobe. As these messages come in from different parts of the body, this part of the brain helps interpret them so you can get a sense of where you are in the world. This lobe also helps you be aware of your body.

This means that the parietal lobe helps you determine where your body is in space and can greatly affect your coordination and body positioning. Your left and right awareness and your sense of touch and knowing which side of the body is also controlled by the parietal lobe. 

Learning new complex tasks can be difficult with a parietal lobe injury, as are academics such as mathematics and writing. People with a parietal lobe injury, however, can retrain their brain so that they remind themselves regularly to for example look at their entire body to ensure they are safe. They can also practice various circumstances to know where their body is when doing various tasks.

Any damage to the brain can have a devastating effect that no one is ever prepared for. You're not alone as you learn to live with a brain injury. If you feel you have been injured because of the negligence of someone else, please contact us today.

Brain Injury Association of Florida, Inc.

Vincent Dolan

Written by Vincent Dolan

A the Director of Public Affairs at SpinalCord.com Vincent has had the opportunity to speak with thousands of individuals (and families) during every step of the recovery process. Vincent has combined his legal and marketing expertise to create the single largest resource for those impacted by a spinal cord or other catastrophic injury. While gathering and sharing these resources Vincent also spends time answering the SpinalCord.com hotline which allows him to better understand what families are going through. Vincent is actively involved in supporting various non profits within the SCI community, and is always open to helping in whatever way he can. Vincent also works with our sponsors Swope, Rodante P.A. to ensure families have every opportunity to obtain the resources which improve the quality of life for individuals after a spinal cord injury.

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